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XB-ART-11229
Plant Physiol April 1, 2000; 122 (4): 1025-34.
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Plasma membrane intrinsic proteins from maize cluster in two sequence subgroups with differential aquaporin activity.

Chaumont F , Barrieu F , Jung R , Chrispeels MJ .


Abstract
The transport of water through membranes is regulated in part by aquaporins or water channel proteins. These proteins are members of the larger family of major intrinsic proteins (MIPs). Plant aquaporins are categorized as either tonoplast intrinsic proteins (TIPs) or plasma membrane intrinsic proteins (PIPs). Sequence analysis shows that PIPs form several subclasses. We report on the characterization of three maize (Zea mays) PIPs belonging to the PIP1 and PIP2 subfamilies (ZmPIP1a, ZmPIP1b, and ZmPIP2a). The ZmPIP2a clone has normal aquaporin activity in Xenopus laevis oocytes. ZmPIP1a and ZmPIP1b have no activity, and a review of the literature shows that most PIP1 proteins identified in other plants have no or very low activity in oocytes. Arabidopsis PIP1 proteins are the only exception. Control experiments show that this lack of activity of maize PIP1 proteins is not caused by their failure to arrive at the plasma membrane of the oocytes. ZmPIP1b also does not appear to facilitate the transport of any of the small solutes tried (glycerol, choline, ethanol, urea, and amino acids). These results are discussed in relationship to the function and regulation of the PIP family of aquaporins.

PubMed ID: 10759498
PMC ID: PMC58937
Article link: Plant Physiol



References [+] :
Agre, The aquaporins, blueprints for cellular plumbing systems. 1998, Pubmed