XB-ART-11633Mech Dev February 1, 2000; 90 (2): 195-203.
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Requirement for anti-dorsalizing morphogenetic protein in organizer patterning.
The amphibian Spemann organizer is subdivided in trunk and head organizer and it is unclear how this division is regulated. The Xenopus trunk organizer expresses anti-dorsalizing morphogenetic protein (ADMP), a potent organizer antagonist. We show that ADMP represses head formation during gastrulation and that its expression is activated by BMP antagonists. A specifically acting dominant-negative ADMP anteriorizes embryos and its coexpression with BMP antagonists induces secondary embryonic axes with heads as well as expression of head inducers. Unlike other BMPs, ADMP is not inhibited by a dominant-negative BMP type I receptor, Noggin, Cerberus and Chordin but by Follistatin, suggesting that it utilizes a distinct TGF-beta receptor pathway and displays differential sensitivity to BMP antagonists. The results indicate that ADMP functions in the trunk organizer to antagonize head formation, thereby regulating organizer patterning.
PubMed ID: 10640703
Article link: Mech Dev
Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: admp cer1 chrd.1 fst nog