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J Med Chem November 3, 2005; 48 (22): 7040-8.

Synthesis and structure-activity relationships of suramin-derived P2Y11 receptor antagonists with nanomolar potency.

Ullmann H , Meis S , Hongwiset D , Marzian C , Wiese M , Nickel P , Communi D , Boeynaems JM , Wolf C , Hausmann R , Schmalzing G , Kassack MU .

Selective and potent P2Y(11) receptor antagonists have yet to be developed, thus impeding an evaluation of this G protein-coupled receptor mainly expressed on immune cells. Taking suramin with moderate inhibitory potency as a template, 18 ureas with variations of the methyl groups of suramin and their precursors were functionally tested at P2Y(11), P2Y(1), and P2Y(2) receptors. Fluorine substitution of the methyl groups of suramin led to the first nanomolar P2Y(11) antagonist (8f, NF157, pK(i): 7.35). For selectivity, 8f was also tested at various P2X receptors. 8f displayed selectivity for P2Y(11) over P2Y(1) (>650-fold), P2Y(2) (>650-fold), P2X(2) (3-fold), P2X(3) (8-fold), P2X(4) (>22-fold), and P2X(7) (>67-fold) but no selectivity over P2X(1). QSAR studies confirm that residues with favored resonance and size parameters in the aromatic linker region can indeed lead to an increased potency as is the case for 8f. A symmetric structure linking two anionic clusters seems to be required for bioactivity. 8f may be helpful for studies evaluating the physiological role of P2Y(11) receptors.

PubMed ID: 16250663
Article link: J Med Chem

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: p2ry11