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Dev Biol November 1, 2005; 287 (1): 201-12.
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Local calcium transients contribute to disappearance of pFAK, focal complex removal and deadhesion of neuronal growth cones and fibroblasts.

Conklin MW , Lin MS , Spitzer NC .

Cell adhesion is crucial for migration of cells during development, and cell-substrate adhesion of motile cells is accomplished through the formation and removal of focal complexes that are sites of cell-substrate contact. Because Ca2+ signaling regulates the rate of axon outgrowth and growth cone turning, we investigated the potential role of Ca2+ in focal complex dynamics. We describe a novel class of localized, spontaneous transient elevations of cytosolic Ca2+ observed both in Xenopus neuronal growth cones and fibroblasts that are 2-6 mum in spatial extent and 2-4 s in duration. They are distributed throughout growth cone lamellipodia and at the periphery of fibroblast pseudopodia, which are regions of high motility. In both cell types, these Ca2+ transients lead to disappearance of phosphorylated focal adhesion kinase (pFAK) and deadhesion from the substrate as assessed by confocal and internal reflection microscopy, respectively. The loss of pFAK is inhibited by cyclosporin A, suggesting that these Ca2+ transients exert their effects via calcineurin. These results identify an intrinsic mechanism for local cell detachment that may be modulated by agents that regulate motility.

PubMed ID: 16202989
Article link: Dev Biol
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: ppp3ca ptk2 tnc
Antibodies: Ptk2 Ab1

Article Images: [+] show captions