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Dev Genet January 1, 1999; 24 (3-4): 319-28.
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Two Nkx-3-related genes are expressed in the adult and regenerating central nervous system of the urodele Pleurodeles waltl.

Nicolas S , Caubit X , Massacrier A , Cau P , Le Parco Y .

We report the isolation and characterization of two NK-3-related genes (PwNkx-3.2 and PwNkx-3.3) and their expression patterns during embryonic development, in the adult CNS, and during tail regeneration in the urodele Pleurodeles waltl. PwNkx-3.2 is the ortholog of the mouse and Xenopus genes, Bapx 1 and Xbap, but PwNkx-3.3 has no known homologue in any other vertebrate. We demonstrate that PwNkx-3.2 and PwNkx-3.3 exhibit graded axial expression patterns in adult spinal cord. During tail regeneration, the two genes are expressed in the wound epidermis, the regenerating muscle masses, the regenerating neural tube, the spinal ganglia, and the cartilage rod. The spatial distribution of transcripts in the CNS suggests that these genes could participate in maintaining the position information along the anteroposterior axis and may explain the ability of the adult CNS to regenerate. During tail regeneration, both genes could be implicated in the reformation of the axial skeleton.

PubMed ID: 10322640
Article link: Dev Genet

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: nkx3-2 nkx3-3