XB-ART-14665J Biol Chem July 10, 1998; 273 (28): 17893-900.
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Cloning and characterization of a novel matrix metalloproteinase (MMP), CMMP, from chicken embryo fibroblasts. CMMP, Xenopus XMMP, and human MMP19 have a conserved unique cysteine in the catalytic domain.
We cloned a novel matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) called CMMP from cultured primary chicken embryo fibroblasts. The cDNA-derived CMMP sequence contains 472 amino acids including a putative 19-residue signal peptide and a unique cysteine in the catalytic domain, an insertion in a sequence motif that binds the structural (noncatalytic) zinc of MMPs. Strikingly, a homologously inserted cysteine is also found in Xenopus XMMP and human MMP19, two recently cloned novel members of the MMP family. Phylogenetic analysis suggest that XMMP and MMP19 represent founding members of the MMP family, whereas CMMP is related to collagenase MMPs. Bacterially produced recombinant CMMP (without the amino-terminal inhibition domain), which was autoproteolyzed at the carboxyl-terminal domain, digested casein and gelatin. As shown by Northern blotting, CMMP mRNA of 1.8 kilobase pairs was constitutively expressed in cultured primary chicken embryo fibroblasts and up-regulated by tumor necrosis factor-alpha and the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate, but it was not regulated by interleukin-1, basic fibroblast growth factor, or retinoic acid. CMMP mRNA of 1.8 kb was also detected in the head and body of 8-day-old chicken embryos and dramatically up-regulated in 9-day-old embryos.
PubMed ID: 9651395
Article link: J Biol Chem
Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: mmp19