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Blood October 15, 1997; 90 (8): 2911-5.
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Interleukin-1beta secretion is impaired by inhibitors of the Atp binding cassette transporter, ABC1.

Hamon Y , Luciani MF , Becq F , Verrier B , Rubartelli A , Chimini G .

The production of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), a powerful mediator of inflammation, is tightly regulated at several levels. However, in some pathologic conditions, a pharmacologic treatment is required to control the toxicity of excessive extracellular IL-1beta. Because of the heavy side effects of most therapies used in IL-1beta-mediated pathologies, a goal of pharmacologic research is the development of selective anti-IL-1beta drugs. We show here that the sulfonylurea glyburide, currently used in the oral therapy of noninsulin dependent diabetes, is an inhibitor of IL-1beta secretion from human monocytes and mouse macrophages. Glyburide reduces dramatically the recovery of extracellular 17-kD IL-1beta in the absence of toxic effects on the cells and without affecting the synthesis or processing of the IL-1beta precursor. IL-1beta belongs to the family of leaderless secretory proteins released from the cell by a nonclassical secretory route. In bacteria and yeast Atp binding cassette (ABC) transporters are involved in the secretion of leaderless secretory proteins. Interestingly, glyburide blocks the anion exchanger function of ABC1, a mammalian member of the family of ABC transporters. We thus investigated the involvement of ABC1 in IL-1beta secretion, through the analysis of the effects of drugs known to inhibit IL-1beta secretion, on the activity of ABC1 and in turn the ability of known inhibitors of ABC1 of blocking IL-1beta secretion. Our data show that IL-1beta secretion and the function of ABC1 as an anion exchanger are sensitive to the same drugs, therefore suggesting an involvement of the ABC1 transporter in the secretion of leaderless proteins in mammals.

PubMed ID: 9376570
Article link: Blood

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: abca1