XB-ART-16492J Biol Chem May 16, 1997; 272 (20): 13055-9.
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Rab7 regulates transport from early to late endocytic compartments in Xenopus oocytes.
Rab7 has been shown to localize to late endosomes and to mediate transport from early to late endosome/lysosome in mammalian cells and in yeast. We developed a novel assay to quantify transport from early to late endosomes using the Xenopus oocyte. Oocytes were pulsed with avidin after which the oocytes were incubated to allow avidin transport to a late compartment. The oocytes were then allowed to internalize biotin-horseradish peroxidase (HRP). The oocytes were then injected with test proteins and incubated further to allow transport of biotin-HRP from early endosomes to late endosomal/lysosomal compartments. Transport was quantified by assessing the formation of HRP-biotin-avidin complexes. Injection of Rab7:wild-type (WT) and Rab7:Q67L, a GTPase defective mutant, stimulated transport. Rab5:WT had no effect. Rab7:WT-stimulated transport was inhibited by nocodazole, suggesting a role for intact microtubules. Wortmannin, a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor, blocked Rab7:WT-stimulated transport, but Rab7:Q67L-stimulated transport was unaffected by the drug. Rab7:Q67L is constitutively activated and may not require phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activity for activation. Rab7-stimulated transport requires N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor (NSF) activity as transport was blocked by N-ethylmaleimide and ATPase defective NSF mutants. Our results indicate that sequentially acting endocytic Rab GTPases utilize similar factors although their modes of action may be different.
PubMed ID: 9148916
Article link: J Biol Chem
Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: avd nsf rab5a rab7a