XB-ART-17284J Biol Chem December 13, 1996; 271 (50): 32301-5.
Inhibition of an inward rectifier potassium channel (Kir2.3) by G-protein betagamma subunits.
The molecular basis of G-protein inhibition of inward rectifier K+ currents was examined by co-expression of G-proteins and cloned Kir2 channel subunits in Xenopus oocytes. Channels encoded by Kir2.3 (HRK1/HIR/BIRK2/BIR11) were completely suppressed by co-expression with G-protein betagamma subunits, whereas channels encoded by Kir2. 1 (IRK1), which shares 60% amino acid identity with Kir2.3, were unaffected. Co-expression of Galphai1 and Galphaq subunits also partially suppressed Kir2.3 currents, but Galphat, Galphas, and a constitutively active mutant of Galphail (Q204L) were ineffective. Gbetagamma and Kir2.3 subunits were co-immunoprecipitated using an anti-Kir2.3 antibody. Direct binding of G-protein betagamma subunits to fusion proteins containing Kir2.3 N terminus, but not to fusion proteins containing Kir2.1 N terminus, was also demonstrated. The results are consistent with suppression of Kir2.3 currents resulting from a direct protein-protein interaction between the channel and G-protein betagamma subunits. When Kir2.1 and Kir2.3 subunits were coexpressed, the G-protein inhibitory phenotype of Kir2.3 was dominant, suggesting that co-expression of Kir2.3 with other Kir subunits might give rise to novel G-protein-inhibitable inward rectifier currents.
PubMed ID: 8943291
Article link: J Biol Chem
Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: gnas kcnj12 kcnj2 kcnj4