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Development October 1, 1996; 122 (10): 3045-53.
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The Xvent-2 homeobox gene is part of the BMP-4 signalling pathway controlling [correction of controling] dorsoventral patterning of Xenopus mesoderm.

Onichtchouk D , Gawantka V , Dosch R , Delius H , Hirschfeld K , Blumenstock C , Niehrs C .

We describe a novel Xenopus homeobox gene, Xvent-2, which together with the previously identified homeobox gene Xvent-1, defines a novel class of homeobox genes. vent genes are related by sequence homology, expression pattern and gain-of-function phenotype. Evidence is presented for a role of Xvent-2 in the BMP-4 pathway involved in dorsoventral patterning of mesoderm. (1) Xvent-2 is expressed in regions that also express BMP-4. (2) Xvent-2 and BMP-4 interact in a positive feedback loop. (3) Xvent-2 ventralizes dorsal mesoderm in a dose-dependent manner resulting in phenoytpes ranging from microcephaly to Bauchstück pieces, as does BMP-4. (4) Like BMP-4 and gsc, Xvent-2 and gsc are able to interact in a crossregulatory loop to suppress each other. (5) Microinjection of Xvent-2 mRNA can rescue dorsalization by a dominant-negative BMP-4 receptor. The results suggest that Xvent-2 functions in the BMP-4 signalling pathway that antagonizes the Spemann organizer.

PubMed ID: 8898218
Article link: Development

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: actc1 actl6a bmp4 evx1 gsc h4c4 not tbx2 ventx1.2 ventx2.1 ventx2.2 wnt8a

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