XB-ART-18001Mech Dev July 1, 1996; 57 (2): 191-8.
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Beta-catenin translocation into nuclei demarcates the dorsalizing centers in frog and fish embryos.
The question of how dorsal-ventral polarity is established in vertebrates is central to our understanding of their early development. Several lines of evidence suggest that wnt-signaling is involved in the induction of dorsal-specific gene expression in the Spemann Organizer of amphibians. Here, we show that beta-catenin, acting as a component of the wnt-pathway, transiently accumulates in nuclei on the dorsal side of Xenopus and zebrafish blastulae. The spatially restricted nuclear translocation of beta-catenin precedes the expression of dorsal-specific genes. In experimentally ventralized frog embryos the dorsal ventral pattern of beta-catenin nuclear staining is abolished; in contrast, embryos hyperdorsalized by Li-ions or by injection of Xwnt8 mRNA exhibit an enhanced nuclear accumulation of beta-catenin. The results show that translocation of beta-catenin into nuclei in the wake of wnt-signaling is an early step in the establishment of the dorsal-ventral axis in frog and fish embryos.
PubMed ID: 8843396
Article link: Mech Dev
Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: wnt8a