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Cell Stress Chaperones April 1, 1996; 1 (1): 62-9.
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Evaluation of stress-inducible hsp90 gene expression as a potential molecular biomarker in Xenopus laevis.

Ali A , Krone PH , Pearson DS , Heikkila JJ .

In this study we have evaluated stress-inducible hsp90 mRNA accumulation as a potential molecular biomarker in Xenopus laevis. In order to obtain a probe for Northern blot analysis we employed a PCR-based approach using degenerate primers for the amplification and cloning of an hsp90 gene sequence from Xenopus laevis. The deduced amino acid sequence is 102 amino acids in length and exhibited the highest degree of identity with zebrafish and human hsp90 beta genes. Furthermore, the putative intron and exon boundaries of this fragment are the same as hsp90 beta in chicken, mouse and human, indicating that the fragment represents a Xenopus hsp90 beta-like gene. Northern blot analyses revealed that this gene was constitutively expressed in cultured A6 cells. While heat shock and sodium arsenite exposure resulted in the increased accumulation of hsp90 mRNA in A6 cells, treatment with cadmium chloride and zinc chloride did not. Also, exposure of A6 cells to concurrent heat shock and sodium arsenite produced a mild synergistic response with respect to hsp90 mRNA levels in contrast to hsp70 mRNA levels which displayed a strong synergistic effect. Finally, hsp90 mRNA was detected constitutively throughout early embryogenesis but was heat-inducible only in late blastula and later stages of development. Given the normal abundance and limited stress-induced accumulation of hsp90 mRNA, it may not have a great deal of potential as a molecular biomarker compared to hsp70 and hsp30 mRNA. However, it may be useful in conjunction with other stress protein mRNAs to establish a set of biomarker profiles to characterize the cellular response to a stressful or toxic agent.

PubMed ID: 9222590
PMC ID: PMC313018
Article link:

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: hsp70 hsp90aa1.1 hsp90ab1 hspa1l