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Br J Pharmacol April 1, 1996; 117 (7): 1371-3.
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Full sensitivity of P2X2 purinoceptor to ATP revealed by changing extracellular pH.

King BF , Ziganshina LE , Pintor J , Burnstock G .

A full pharmacological characterization was carried out on a recombinant ATP-gated ion channel (P2X2 purinoceptor) expressed in Xenopus oocytes. This slowly-desensitizing neuronal P2X2 purinoceptor, activated by ATP (EC50 = 4.6 +/- 1 microM at pH 7.4; n = 4), showed the agonist potency order: ATP > or = 2-MeSATP = ATP gamma S > or = ATP alpha S > > Bz-ATP. The receptor affinity for ATP was enhanced 5-10 fold by acidifying the bathing solution (to pH 6.5) but was diminished 4-5 fold in an alkaline solution (pH 8.0). The maximum activity of P2X2 purinoceptors and the activity order of a series of nucleotides were unaltered by changing extracellular pH. Interestingly, ATP sensitivity at a recombinant P2Y1 purinoceptor remained unaltered with changing extracellular pH. These results indicate that acidotic conditions in the synaptic cleft could strengthen purinergic transmission at neuronal P2X2 purinoceptors.

PubMed ID: 8730726
PMC ID: PMC1909447
Article link:

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: p2rx2 p2ry1

References [+] :
Bo, Distribution of [3H]alpha,beta-methylene ATP binding sites in rat brain and spinal cord. 1995, Pubmed