XB-ART-18540J Physiol February 15, 1996; 491 ( Pt 1) 187-95.
Effects of cytochalasin treatment on short-term synaptic plasticity at developing neuromuscular junctions in frogs.
1. The role of actin microfilaments in synaptic transmission was tested by monitoring spontaneous and evoked transmitter release from developing neuromuscular synapses in Xenopus nerve-muscle cultures, using whole-cell recording of synaptic currents in the absence and presence of microfilament-disrupting agents cytochalasins B and D. 2. Treatment with cytochalasins resulted in disruption of microfilament networks in the growth cone and the presynaptic nerve terminal of spinal neurons in Xenopus nerve-muscle cultures, as revealed by rhodamine-phalloidin staining. 3. The same cytochalasin treatment did not significantly affect the spontaneous or evoked synaptic currents during low-frequency stimulation at 0.05 Hz in these Xenopus cultures. Synaptic depression induced by high-frequency (5 Hz) stimulation, however, was reduced by this treatment. Paired-pulse facilitation for short interpulse intervals was also increased by the treatment. 4. These results indicate that disruption of microfilaments alters short-term changes in transmitter release induced by repetitive activity, without affecting normal synaptic transmission at low frequency. 5. Our results support the notion that actin microfilaments impose a barrier for mobilization of synaptic vesicles from the reserve pool, but do not affect the exocytosis of immediately available synaptic vesicles at the active zone.
PubMed ID: 9011610
PMC ID: PMC1158769
Article link: J Physiol
Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: actl6a
References [+] :
Anderson, Effects of innervation on the distribution of acetylcholine receptors on cultured muscle cells. 1977, Pubmed, Xenbase