XB-ART-19238J Biol Chem September 29, 1995; 270 (39): 22758-63.
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Cloning of a fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 splice variant from Xenopus embryos that lacks a protein kinase C site important for the regulation of receptor activity.
A cDNA clone, predicted to encode a variant form of the type 1 fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR1) containing a dipeptide Val-Thr (VT) deletion at amino acid positions 423 and 424 located within the juxtamembrane region, was isolated from a Xenopus embryo (stage 8 blastula) library. Sequence analysis of genomic DNA encoding a portion of the FGFR1 juxtamembrane region demonstrated that this variant form arises from use of an alternative 5'' splice donor site. RNase protection analysis revealed that both VT- and VT+ forms of the FGFR1 were expressed throughout embryonic development, the VT+ being the major form. Amino acid position 424 is located within a consensus sequence for phosphorylation by a number of Ser/Thr kinases. We demonstrate that a VT+ peptide was specifically phosphorylated by protein kinase C (PKC) in vitro, but not by protein kinase A (PKA). A VT- peptide, on the other hand, was not a substrate for either enzyme. Phosphorylation levels of in vitro synthesized FGFR-VT+ protein by PKC were twice that of FGFR-VT- protein. In a functional assay, Xenopus oocytes expressing FGFR-VT- or FGFR-VT+ protein were equally able to mobilize intracellular Ca2+ in response to basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). However, pretreatment with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate significantly reduced this mobilization in oocytes expressing FGFR-VT+ while having little effect on oocytes expressing FGFR-VT-. These findings demonstrate that alternative splicing of Val423-Thr424 generates isoforms which differ in their ability to be regulated by phosphorylation and thus represents an important mechanism for regulating FGFR activity.
PubMed ID: 7559402
Article link: J Biol Chem
Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: fgf2 fgfr1