XB-ART-19503J Biol Chem July 7, 1995; 270 (27): 15946-9.
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Evidence that the rat hepatic mitochondrial carrier is distinct from the sinusoidal and canalicular transporters for reduced glutathione. Expression studies in Xenopus laevis oocytes.
Mitochondrial GSH derives from a mitochondrial transport system (RmGshT), which translocates cytosol GSH into the mitochondrial matrix. Mitochondria of oocytes, isolated 3-4 days after microinjection of total liver mRNA, expressed a RmGshT compared with water-injected oocytes. The expressed RmGshT exhibited similar functional features as reported in isolated mitochondria of rat liver such as ATP stimulation, inhibition by glutamate, and insensitivity to inhibition by sulfobromophthalein-glutathione (BSP-GSH) and S-(2,4-dinitrophenyl)glutathione (DNP-GSH). The expressed RmGshT is localized in the inner mitochondrial membrane since expression is still observed in mitoplasts prepared from total liver mRNA-injected oocytes. Fractionation of poly(A)+ RNA identified a single mRNA species of approximately 3-3.5 kilobases encoding for the RmGshT, which was stimulated by ATP and inhibited by glutamate but not by BSP-GSH or DNP-GSH. Microinjection of this fraction did not lead to expression of plasma membrane GSH transport in intact oocytes, and conversely, oocytes microinjected with cRNA for rat liver sinusoidal GSH transporter (RsGshT) or rat liver canalicular GSH transporter (RcGshT) did not express mitochondrial GSH transport activity. Thus, our results show the successful expression of the rat hepatic mitochondrial GSH carrier, which is different from RsGshT and RcGshT, and provide the strategic basis for the cloning of this important carrier.
PubMed ID: 7608148
Article link: J Biol Chem
Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: ibsp