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XB-ART-22069
Dev Biol November 1, 1993; 160 (1): 265-75.

Integrin expression in early amphibian embryos: cDNA cloning and characterization of Xenopus beta 1, beta 2, beta 3, and beta 6 subunits.

Ransom DG , Hens MD , DeSimone DW .


Abstract
During embryogenesis cells modulate their adhesion to other cells and the surrounding extracellular matrix, in part, through the combination of integrins they express. In order to identify integrins that may mediate morphogenetic cell movements in the early Xenopus embryo, we have used polymerase chain reaction methods to isolate cDNAs encoding Xenopus integrin beta subunits. Based on deduced amino acid sequence, they are identified as homologs of human integrins beta 1, beta 2, beta 3 and beta 6. We also report the cloning and sequencing of cDNAs covering the complete coding region of Xenopus beta 3. Embryonic patterns of expression for these integrin beta subunit mRNAs have been examined both by RNase protection analysis and by whole mount in situ hybridization. In the early embryo the beta 1 subunit is encoded by a maternally transcribed mRNA expressed in all cells, but is most abundant in ectoderm and mesoderm. In contrast, Xenopus beta 3 mRNA is detected in the epidermis, bottle cells of the neural groove, and a subset of cells arising from the ventral blood islands. The beta 2 and beta 6 mRNAs are expressed at high levels in late tailbud stages, although very low levels of beta 6 are also detected in eggs and early embryos. These data provide evidence that multiple integrins are expressed at the earliest stages of vertebrate development coincident with the onset of morphogenesis.

PubMed ID: 7693527
Article link: Dev Biol
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: cntn1 gcg gnl3 itgb1 itgb3 tbx2 trhd


Article Images: [+] show captions