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Dev Biol May 1, 1992; 151 (1): 319-32.

Expression of the myogenic gene MRF4 during Xenopus development.

Jennings CG .

In a search for myogenic genes in Xenopus, I have cloned homologs of the mammalian myogenic genes MRF4 and myogenin. The myogenin clone is a genomic fragment encoding an amino acid sequence with 62% identity to the N-terminal region of rat myogenin. No myogenin transcript has been detected and no cDNA has been isolated, suggesting that Xenopus myogenin, if it is expressed at all, is likely to be expressed at low levels or transiently during development. A Xenopus MRF4 cDNA has been isolated and encodes an amino acid sequence with 72% identity to rat MRF4. In adult frogs, MRF4 RNA is detectable only in skeletal muscle (whereas MyoD, unexpectedly, is also expressed at low levels in the heart). During embryonic development, MRF4 RNA appears later than MyoD, at a time when the embryonic musculature already shows many differentiated features. This implies that MRF4 is not involved in the commitment or early differentiation of muscle cells. The accumulation of Xenopus MRF4 RNA overlaps with the formation of neuromuscular connections, suggesting that it may be induced by innervation. Consistent with this possibility, the level of Xenopus MRF4, but not MyoD, RNA is reduced in response to denervation of adult frog muscle.

PubMed ID: 1374354
Article link:

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: myf6 myod1 myog

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