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J Biol Chem February 25, 1992; 267 (6): 3873-7.

Expression of rat liver glutamine transporters in Xenopus laevis oocytes.

Taylor PM , Mackenzie B , Low SY , Rennie MJ .

As a first step in attempting to isolate the Na(+)-dependent System N transporter from rat liver we have investigated the use of prophase-arrested oocytes from Xenopus laevis for the functional expression of rat liver glutamine transporters. Individual oocytes, defolliculated by collagenase treatment, were injected with 50 nl of a 1 solution of poly(A)+ RNA (mRNA) isolated from rat liver. 50 microM L-[3H]glutamine uptake was measured 1-5 days post-injection: after 48 h, poly(A)+ RNA-injected oocytes showed a 60 +/- 12% increase in Na(+)-dependent glutamine uptake compared to controls. This increased uptake showed characteristic features of hepatic System N: that is, it tolerated Li(+)-for-Na+ substitution and was inhibited by the System N substrate L-histidine (5 mM) in Li medium, unlike endogenous Na(+)-dependent glutamine transport. In subsequent experiments rat liver poly(A)+ RNA, size-fractionated by density gradient fractionation, was injected into oocytes. Injection of poly(A)+ RNA of 1.9-2.8 kilobases (kb) in size resulted in a significant stimulation of Na(+)-dependent glutamine transport to 0.362 +/- 0.080 pmol.min-1/oocyte from 0.178 +/- 0.060 pmol.min-1/oocyte in vehicle-injected oocytes (p less than 0.01). A lighter fraction, with poly(A)+ RNA of less than 1.9 kilobases size resulted in a similar increase in Na(+)-dependent glutamine uptake which was largely Li(+)-tolerant: Li(+)-stimulated glutamine uptake in oocytes injected with this fraction increased to 0.230 +/- 0.070 pmol.min-1/oocyte from 0.098 +/- 0.029 pmol.min-1/oocyte in controls (p less than 0.05). This enhanced rate of Li(+)-stimulated glutamine uptake was inhibited 28 and 70%, respectively, by 1 and 5 mM L-histidine. Na(+)-independent uptake of glutamine rose by 72 +/- 12% in oocytes injected with poly(A)+ RNA of 2.8-3.6 kb (p less than 0.001). These results demonstrate that glutamine transporters, with characteristics associated with hepatic Systems N, L, and A (or ASC), can be expressed in X. laevis oocytes injected with specific size fractions of rat liver mRNA.

PubMed ID: 1740435
Article link: J Biol Chem
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: il17f pycard sts