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XB-ART-24059
Cell Tissue Res February 1, 1992; 267 (2): 365-73.

Localization of binding sites for atrial natriuretic factor and angiotensin II in the central nervous system of the clawed toad Xenopus laevis.

Kloas W , Hanke W .


Abstract
The distribution of binding sites for atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) and angiotensin II (A II) was investigated in the central nervous system (CNS) of the clawed toad Xenopus laevis by means of in vitro autoradiography using [125I]-rat ANF(99-126) or [125I] [Val5] A II and [125I]human A II as labeled ligands. The highest densities of specific ANF-binding were detected in the nucleus habenularis, thalamic regions, hypophyseal pars nervosa and nucleus interpeduncularis. Moderate ANF-binding was found in the bulbus olfactorius, pallium, septum, striatum, lateral forebrain bundle, nucleus infundibularis, hypophyseal pars distalis and tectum. The highest levels of specific A II binding sites were observed in the nucleus praeopticus, nucleus habenularis, hypophyseal pars nervosa and pars distalis, whereas the amygdala contained moderate A II binding. The existence of specific binding sites for ANF and A II in the CNS of Xenopus laevis suggests that both peptides act as neurotransmitters or neuromodulators in the amphibian CNS. The co-localization of dense binding sites for both peptides in the nucleus habenularis, hypophyseal pars nervosa and pars distalis supports the view that ANF and A II have opposite regulatory functions in these regions.

PubMed ID: 1318168
Article link: Cell Tissue Res


Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: nppa

References [+] :
Bianchi, Distinct localization of atrial natriuretic factor and angiotensin II binding sites in the glomerulus. 1986, Pubmed