XB-ART-24591Genes Dev September 1, 1991; 5 (9): 1697-708.
Maturation-specific polyadenylation: in vitro activation by p34cdc2 and phosphorylation of a 58-kD CPE-binding protein.
During Xenopus oocyte maturation, poly(A) elongation controls the translational recruitment of specific mRNAs that possess a CPE (cytoplasmic polyadenylation element). To investigate the activation of polyadenylation, we have employed oocyte extracts that are not normally competent for polyadenylation. Addition of cell lysates containing baculovirus-expressed cyclin to these extracts induces the polyadenylation of exogenous B4 RNA. The involvement of p34cdc2 kinase in cyclin-mediated polyadenylation was demonstrated by p13-Sepharose depletion; removal of the kinase from oocyte extracts with this affinity matrix abolishes polyadenylation activation. Reintroduction of cell lysates containing baculovirus-expressed p34cdc2, however, completely restores this activity. To identify factors of the polyadenylation apparatus that might be responsible for the activation, we employed UV cross-linking and identified a 58-kD protein that binds the B4 CPE in oocyte extracts. In polyadenylation-proficient egg extracts, this protein has a slower electrophoretic mobility, which suggests a post-translational modification. A similar size shift of the protein is evident in oocyte extracts supplemented with lysates containing baculovirus-expressed cyclin and p34cdc2. This size shift, which is reversed by treatment with acid phosphatase, coincides temporally with cyclin-induced polyadenylation activation. We propose that p34cdc2 kinase activity leads to the phosphorylation of the 58-kD CPE-binding protein and that this event is crucial for the cytoplasmic polyadenylation that occurs during oocyte maturation.
PubMed ID: 1653174
Article link: Genes Dev
Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: cdk1