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XB-ART-25018
Development March 1, 1991; 111 (3): 829-44.

Differential expression of two cadherins in Xenopus laevis.

Angres B , Müller AH , Kellermann J , Hausen P .


Abstract
Using a cadherin fraction from Xenopus tissue culture cells as an immunogen, two monoclonal antibodies were obtained that allowed the characterization of two distinct cadherins in the Xenopus embryo. The two cadherins differ in molecular weight, in their time of appearance during development and in their spatial pattern of expression. One of the antigens was identified as E-cadherin. It appears in the embryonic ectoderm during gastrulation when epidermal differentiation commences and it disappears from the neural plate area upon neural induction. The second antigen could not be allocated to any of the known cadherin subtypes and was termed U-cadherin. It is present in the egg and becomes deposited in newly formed inner cell membranes during cleavage, the outer apical membranes of the embryo remaining devoid of the cadherin throughout development. U-cadherin is found on membranes of all cells up to the late neurula stages. A conspicuous polarized expression of the antigen on the membranes of individual inner cells suggests its participation in the segregation of cell layers and organ anlagen. These findings are discussed in the context of current hypotheses on the role of cadherins in establishing the spatial structure of the embryo.

PubMed ID: 1879345
Article link: Development


Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: cad cald1 cdh1 cdh3 mcf2 prss1 tbx2
Antibodies: Cdh1 Ab8 Cdh3 Ab3 Epidermis Ab1


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