XB-ART-26444Nucleic Acids Res October 25, 1989; 17 (20): 8171-84.
Nuclear factors specifically bind to upstream sequences of a Xenopus laevis ribosomal protein gene promoter.
The upstream region of the Xenopus laevis L14 ribosomal protein gene was deleted starting from the 5'' extremity in order to define the promoter length necessary to express a linked reporter CAT gene. The functional analysis indicated that a sequence located between -63 and -49 from the capsite is important for an efficient promoter activity. Band shift and ExoIII protection assays evidenced the binding to this region of a factor, called XrpFI, present in the crude nuclear extract from X.laevis oocytes. Methylation interference analysis localized the contacts in the G residues belonging to a short box, 5'' CTTCC 3'', positioned between -53 and -49 from the capsite. An additional factor, XrpFII, makes contacts with the sequence 5''GCCTGTTCGCC 3'' located between -27 and -17 from the capsite. The deletion mutant still containing this sequence is poorly transcribed, but resumes activity when a short fragment containing the binding site for factor XrpFI is cloned in an upstream position.
PubMed ID: 2682523
PMC ID: PMC334956
Article link: Nucleic Acids Res
Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: cat.2 gabpa
References [+] :
Atchison, Localization of transcriptional regulatory elements and nuclear factor binding sites in mouse ribosomal protein gene rpL32. 1989, Pubmed