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Am J Physiol Renal Physiol February 1, 2005; 288 (2): F284-9.
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Inhibition of ROMK potassium channel by syntaxin 1A.

Sun TJ , Zeng WZ , Huang CL .

ROMK potassium channels are present in the cortical collecting duct (CCD) of the kidney and serve as apical exit pathways for K+ secretion in this nephron segment. K+ secretion in the CCD is regulated by multiple factors. In this study, we show that syntaxin 1A, but not syntaxin 3 or 4, inhibited whole cell ROMK currents in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Syntaxin 1A, but not syntaxin 3 or 4, interacted with the COOH-terminal cytoplasmic domain of ROMK in intro. Coexpression with synaptobrevin 2 reversed inhibition of whole cell ROMK currents by syntaxin 1A. In excised inside-out membranes of oocytes, application of fusion proteins containing the cytoplasmic region of syntaxin 1A to the cytoplasmic face caused a dose-dependent inhibition of ROMK. We further examined regulation of the K+ channels in the CCD by syntaxin 1A. Application of botulinum toxin C1 to the excised inside-out membranes of the CCD caused an increase in the activity of K+ channels. In contrast, application of toxin B had no effects. These results suggest that syntaxin 1A causes a tonic inhibition of the K+ channels in the apical membrane of the CCD. Binding of synaptobrevin 2 to syntaxin 1A during docking and fusion of transport vesicles to the plasma membranes of CCD may lead to activation of these channels.

PubMed ID: 15454395
Article link: Am J Physiol Renal Physiol
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: kcnj1 runx2 stx1a vamp1 vamp2