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J Biol Chem July 28, 2006; 281 (30): 20825-20833.
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CIB1, a ubiquitously expressed Ca2+-binding protein ligand of the InsP3 receptor Ca2+ release channel.

White C , Yang J , Monteiro MJ , Foskett JK .

A family of Ca(2+)-binding proteins (CaBPs) was shown to bind to the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP(3)R) Ca(2+) release channel and gate it in the absence of InsP(3), establishing them as protein ligands (Yang, J., McBride, S., Mak, D.-O. D., Vardi, N., Palczewski, K., Haeseleer, F., and Foskett, J. K. (2002) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 99, 7711-7716). However, the neuronally restricted expression of CaBP and its inhibition of InsP(3)R-mediated Ca(2+) signaling when overexpressed (Kasri, N. N., Holmes, A. M., Bultynck, G., Parys, J. B., Bootman, M. D., Rietdorf, K., Missiaen, L., McDonald, F., De Smedt, H., Conway, S. J., Holmes, A. B., Berridge, M. J., and Roderick, H. L. (2004) EMBO J. 23, 312-321; Haynes, L. P., Tepikin, A. V., and Burgoyne, R. D. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279, 547-555) have raised questions regarding the functional implications of this regulation. We have discovered the Ca(2+)-binding protein CIB1 (calmyrin) as a ubiquitously expressed ligand of the InsP(3)R. CIB1 binds to all mammalian InsP(3)R isoforms in a Ca(2+)-sensitive manner dependent on its two functional EF-hands and activates InsP(3)R channel gating in the absence of InsP(3). In contrast, overexpression of CIB1 or CaBP1 attenuated InsP(3)R-dependent Ca(2+) signaling, and in vitro pre-exposure to CIB1 reduced the number of channels available for subsequent stimulation by InsP(3). These results establish CIB1 as a ubiquitously expressed activating and inhibiting protein ligand of the InsP(3)R.

PubMed ID: 16723353
Article link: J Biol Chem
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: cabp1 cib1 mak