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Development July 1, 2007; 134 (14): 2651-61.
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G-protein-coupled signals control cortical actin assembly by controlling cadherin expression in the early Xenopus embryo.

Tao Q , Nandadasa S , McCrea PD , Heasman J , Wylie C .

During embryonic development, each cell of a multicellular organ rudiment polymerizes its cytoskeletal elements in an amount and pattern that gives the whole cellular population its characteristic shape and mechanical properties. How does each cell know how to do this? We have used the Xenopus blastula as a model system to study this problem. Previous work has shown that the cortical actin network is required to maintain shape and rigidity of the whole embryo, and its assembly is coordinated throughout the embryo by signaling through G-protein-coupled receptors. In this paper, we show that the cortical actin network colocalizes with foci of cadherin expressed on the cell surface. We then show that cell-surface cadherin expression is both necessary and sufficient for cortical actin assembly and requires the associated catenin p120 for this function. Finally, we show that the previously identified G-protein-coupled receptors control cortical actin assembly by controlling the amount of cadherin expressed on the cell surface. This identifies a novel mechanism for control of cortical actin assembly during development that might be shared by many multicellular arrays.

PubMed ID: 17567666
Article link: Development
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: actl6a cad cald1 cdh3 ctnnd1 lpar1 lpar2 XB5959819 [provisional]
Morpholinos: ctnnd1 MO2 lpar1 MO1 lpar2 MO1

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