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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A January 8, 2008; 105 (1): 210-5.

Mechanism of activation of the Formin protein Daam1.

Liu W , Sato A , Khadka D , Bharti R , Diaz H , Runnels LW , Habas R .

The Formin proteins are central players in mediating cytoskeletal reorganization and are epistatically positioned in a pathway downstream of Rho activation. These proteins exist in the cytoplasm in an autoinhibited state, which is mediated by intramolecular interactions between the amino-terminal GTPase binding domain (GBD) that encompasses the diaphanous inhibitory domain (DID) and the carboxyl-terminal diaphanous autoregulatory domain (DAD). It has been proposed that the binding of Rho within the GBD releases this molecule from autoinhibition by disrupting the DID/DAD interactions. Here we report that Daam1 is not significantly activated by Rho binding but rather by its interaction with Dishevelled (Dvl). Removal of the DAD domain disrupts interactions between Dvl and Daam1, and the binding of Dvl to Daam1 disrupts the interaction between the GBD and DAD that mediates Daam1 autoinhibition. Mutations within or removal of the DAD converts Daam1 into an active protein that can induce Rho activation. We further demonstrate that Dvl synergizes with Daam1 to regulate gastrulation during Xenopus embryogenesis and that expression of activated Daam1 can rescue impaired convergent extension movements resulting from deregulated noncanonical Wnt signaling. Our studies together define the importance of a carboxyl-terminal binding partner, Dvl, that leads to the activation of Daam1.

PubMed ID: 18162551
PMC ID: PMC2224188
Article link: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: akt1 daam1 dvl1 dvl2 fmn1 gsc otx2 rac1 rho rho.2 sox2 tbxt
Morpholinos: daam1 MO1

Article Images: [+] show captions
References [+] :
Alberts, Identification of a carboxyl-terminal diaphanous-related formin homology protein autoregulatory domain. 2001, Pubmed