XB-ART-39647Am J Physiol Renal Physiol July 1, 2009; 297 (1): F36-45.
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MUPP1 complexes renal K+ channels to alter cell surface expression and whole cell currents.
We previously found that the Ca(2+)-sensing receptor (CaR) interacts with and inactivates the inwardly rectifying K(+) channel Kir4.2 that is expressed in the kidney cortex and that has a COOH-terminal PDZ domain. To identify potential scaffolding proteins that could organize a macromolecular signaling complex involving the CaR and Kir4.2, we used yeast two-hybrid cloning with the COOH-terminal 125 amino acids (AA) of Kir4.2 as bait to screen a human kidney cDNA library. We identified two independent partial cDNAs corresponding to the COOH-terminal 900 AA of MUPP1, a protein containing 13 PDZ binding domains that is expressed in the kidney in tight junctions and lateral borders of epithelial cells. When expressed in human embryonic kidney (HEK)-293 cells, Kir4.2 coimmunoprecipitates reciprocally with MUPP1 but not with a Kir4.2 construct lacking the four COOH-terminal amino acids, Kir5.1, or the CaR. MUPP1 and Kir4.2 coimmunoprecipitate reciprocally from rat kidney cortex extracts. Coexpression of MUPP1 with Kir4.2 in HEK-293 cells leads to reduced cell surface expression of Kir4.2 as assessed by cell surface biotinylation. Coexpression of MUPP1 and Kir4.2 in Xenopus oocytes results in reduced whole cell currents compared with expression of Kir4.2 alone, whereas expression of Kir4.2DeltaPDZ results in minimal currents and is not affected by coexpression with MUPP1. Immunofluorescence studies of oocytes demonstrate that MUPP1 reduces Kir4.2 membrane localization. These results indicate that Kir4.2 interacts selectively with MUPP1 to affect its cell surface expression. Thus MUPP1 and Kir4.2 may participate in a protein complex in the nephron that could regulate transport of K(+) as well as other ions.
PubMed ID: 19420109
PMC ID: PMC2711712
Article link: Am J Physiol Renal Physiol
Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: kcnj15 kcnj16
References [+] :
Adachi, Similar and distinct properties of MUPP1 and Patj, two homologous PDZ domain-containing tight-junction proteins. 2009, Pubmed