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Mol Biol Cell April 1, 2004; 15 (4): 1647-55.

Ectopic EphA4 receptor induces posterior protrusions via FGF signaling in Xenopus embryos.

Park EK , Warner N , Bong YS , Stapleton D , Maeda R , Pawson T , Daar IO .

The Eph family of receptor tyrosine kinases regulates numerous biological processes. To examine the biochemical and developmental contributions of specific structural motifs within Eph receptors, wild-type or mutant forms of the EphA4 receptor were ectopically expressed in developing Xenopus embryos. Wild-type EphA4 and a mutant lacking both the SAM domain and PDZ binding motif were constitutively tyrosine phosphorylated in vivo and catalytically active in vitro. EphA4 induced loss of cell adhesion, ventro-lateral protrusions, and severely expanded posterior structures in Xenopus embryos. Moreover, mutation of a conserved SAM domain tyrosine to phenylalanine (Y928F) enhanced the ability of EphA4 to induce these phenotypes, suggesting that the SAM domain may negatively regulate some aspects of EphA4 activity in Xenopus. Analysis of double mutants revealed that the Y928F EphA4 phenotypes were dependent on kinase activity; juxtamembrane sites of tyrosine phosphorylation and SH2 domain-binding were required for cell dissociation, but not for posterior protrusions. The induction of protrusions and expansion of posterior structures is similar to phenotypic effects observed in Xenopus embryos expressing activated FGFR1. Furthermore, the budding ectopic protrusions induced by EphA4 express FGF-8, FGFR1, and FGFR4a. In addition, antisense morpholino oligonucleotide-mediated loss of FGF-8 expression in vivo substantially reduced the phenotypic effects in EphA4Y928F expressing embryos, suggesting a connection between Eph and FGF signaling.

PubMed ID: 14742708
PMC ID: PMC379263
Article link: Mol Biol Cell

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: epha4 fgf4 fgfr1 post snai2 wnt3a
Morpholinos: fgf8 MO3

Article Images: [+] show captions
References [+] :
Alfandari, ADAM 13: a novel ADAM expressed in somitic mesoderm and neural crest cells during Xenopus laevis development. 1997, Pubmed, Xenbase