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J Neurosci June 30, 2010; 30 (26): 8965-73.

The endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoyl-glycerol controls odor sensitivity in larvae of Xenopus laevis.

Breunig E , Manzini I , Piscitelli F , Gutermann B , Di Marzo V , Schild D , Czesnik D .

Cannabinoids modulate the activity of many neuronal cells, among them sensory neurons in the olfactory epithelium. Here we show that the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoyl-glycerol (2-AG) is synthesized in both olfactory receptor neurons and glia-like sustentacular cells in larval Xenopus laevis. Its production in the latter depends on the hunger state of the animal. The essential effect of 2-AG in olfactory receptor neurons is the control of odorant detection thresholds via cannabinoid CB(1) receptor activation. Hunger renders olfactory neurons more sensitive. Endocannabinoid modulation in the nose may therefore substantially influence food-seeking behavior.

PubMed ID: 20592217
PMC ID: PMC6632891
Article link: J Neurosci

References [+] :
Aimé, Fasting increases and satiation decreases olfactory detection for a neutral odor in rats. 2007, Pubmed