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Dev Growth Differ January 1, 2011; 53 (1): 55-68.
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Peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase xFKBP1B induces ectopic secondary axis and is involved in eye formation during Xenopus embryogenesis.

Terukina G , Yoshida Y , Takahashi N .

Although Xenopus FKBP1A (xFKBP1A) induces an ectopic dorsal axis in Xenopus embryos, involvement of xFKBP1B, a vertebrate paralogue of FKBP1A, in embryogenesis remains undetermined. Here, we demonstrate that xFKBP1B induces ectopic dorsal axis and involves in eye formation of Xenopus embryos. Injection of the xFKBP1B mRNA in ventral blastomeres of 4-cell stage Xenopus embryos induced a secondary axis and showed multiplier effect to that of xFKBP1A on this when xFKBP1A was co-injected. In addition, BMP4 and Smad1 mRNAs did not affect the ability of xFKBP1B to induce the ectopic secondary axis when either was co-injected with xFKBP1B in ventral blastomeres, whereas they downed out that of xFKBP1A, suggesting that xFKBP1A and xFKBP1B induce the ectopic secondary axis through affecting different pathways from each other. On the other hand, the injection of the FKBP1B mRNA in dorsal blastomeres showed eye malformation, and suppressed almost completely the expression of Rx1, Mitf, and Vax2 mRNAs. xFKBP1B was expressed in the dorsal side of the embryo including the eye during embryogenesis at least until stage 46. Injection of morpholino of the xFKBP1B mRNA in dorsal blastomeres induced additional retina or failed to close tapetum nigrum in the ventral side within the optic cap, whereas it did not affect the dorsal organ development. The injection of the morpholino reduced the expression of Xotx2 and Rx1 mRNAs in the eye. These observations suggest that xFKBP1B is a key factor that regulates the expression levels of the genes involved in eye formation during Xenopus embryogenesis.

PubMed ID: 21261611
Article link: Dev Growth Differ

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: bmp4 fkbp1a fkbp1b mitf otx2 rax smad1 vax2
Morpholinos: fkbp1b MO1