XB-ART-44055Biochem Cell Biol April 1, 1991; 69 (4): 245-50.
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Expression of SPARC/osteonectin in tissues of bony and cartilaginous vertebrates.
To explore the biological functions of SPARC (secreted protein, acidic, rich in cysteine), a Ca(2+)-binding extracellular glycoprotein, we have examined its expression in an evolutionary diverse group of organisms. Similar patterns of SPARC mRNA expression were observed in adult mouse and rat tissues. SPARC transcripts represented 0.0002-0.0025% of the total RNA found in calvarium, lung, brain, and heart, whereas relatively low levels of SPARC RNA were detected in liver and kidney. Within nonmuscular tissues, a statistically significant correlation was observed between the tissue distribution of SPARC and cytoskeletal actin transcripts. Southern blot analysis revealed SPARC as a low or single-copy gene in an evolutionary diverse group of vertebrates. No hybridization signal was observed with the invertebrates examined. The tissue distribution of SPARC transcripts in the vertebrates examined was similar, except for sea lamprey and sea skate, two vertebrates that do not form mineralized bone. These data suggest that SPARC has multiple functions in mineralized and nonmineralized tissues of vertebrates.
PubMed ID: 2054156
Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: actl6a sparc