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Gen Comp Endocrinol December 1, 2013; 194 286-94.

Expression profile of the aromatase enzyme in the Xenopus brain and localization of estradiol and estrogen receptors in each tissue.

Iwabuchi J , Koshimizu K , Nakagawa T .

Estradiol (E2) with the strongest bioactivity of the estrogens, is synthesized by the cytochrome p450 aromatase enzyme and plays a key role in sex differentiation of the vertebrate''s gonads. In Xenopus, aromatase mRNA is highly expressed in the brain rather than in the gonad during sex differentiation. In this study, we analyzed the stage change, tissue specificity, and localization of the aromatase expression in the Xenopus brain. Regardless of the sex difference, expression level of aromatase was remarkably higher in the brain than in other tissues during the early stages of brain morphogenesis and was observed in the formation regions of the choroid plexus of cerebral ventricle and the paleocortex and olfactory bulb of the prosencephalon. However, E2 concentrations in each tissue indicated a different localization of aromatase and were seen in the heart at almost double the level as seen in the brain. In addition, while aromatase expression level in the brain was increasing, E2 in the whole body began to increase at the same stage. Since the expression level of estrogen receptor α also corresponded to localization of E2, these results may imply that the E2 synthesized by the high aromatase expression in the choroid plexus, which generates cerebrospinal fluid, circulates to the heart and acts through ERα.

PubMed ID: 24135319
Article link: Gen Comp Endocrinol

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: cyp19a1 cyp4b1 msc

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