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J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol February 1, 2015; 201 (2): 215-33.
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Flow sensing in developing Xenopus laevis is disrupted by visual cues and ototoxin exposure.

Simmons AM , Warnecke M , Vu TT , Smith AT .

We explored how lateral line cues interact with visual cues to mediate flow sensing behaviors in the nocturnal developing frog, Xenopus laevis, by exposing animals to current flows under different lighting conditions and after exposure to the ototoxin gentamicin. Under dark conditions, Xenopus tadpoles move downstream at the onset of current flow, then turn, and orient toward the direction of the flow with high accuracy. Postmetamorphic froglets also exhibit positive rheotaxis but with less accuracy and longer latency. The addition of discrete light cues to an otherwise dark environment disrupts rheotaxis and positioning. Orientation is less accurate, latency to orient is longer, and animals do not move as far downstream in the presence of light. Compared with untreated tadpoles tested in the dark, tadpoles exposed to gentamicin show less accurate rheotaxis with longer latency and do not move as far downstream in response to flow. These effects are compounded by the presence of light cues. The disruptive effects of light on flow sensing in Xenopus emphasize the disturbances to natural behaviors that may be produced by anthropogenic illumination in nocturnal habitats.

PubMed ID: 25380559
Article link: J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol
Grant support: [+]

References [+] :
Arnold, Rheotropism in fishes. 1975, Pubmed