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Mol Biol Cell March 1, 2015; 26 (5): 924-37.

Kif2a depletion generates chromosome segregation and pole coalescence defects in animal caps and inhibits gastrulation of the Xenopus embryo.

Eagleson G , Pfister K , Knowlton AL , Skoglund P , Keller R , Stukenberg PT .

Kif2a is a member of the kinesin-13 microtubule depolymerases, which tightly regulate microtubule dynamics for many cellular processes. We characterized Kif2a depletion in Xenopus animal caps and embryos. Kif2a depletion generates defects in blastopore closure. These defects are rescued by removing the animal cap, suggesting that Kif2a-depleted animal caps are not compliant enough to allow gastrulation movements. Gastrulation defects are not rescued by a Kif2a mutated in an Aurora kinase phosphorylation site, suggesting that the phenotypes are caused by problems in mitosis. During animal cap mitoses, Kif2a localizes to the spindle poles and centromeres. Depletion of Kif2a generated multipolar spindles in stage 12 embryos. Kif2a-depleted animal caps have anaphase lagging chromosomes in stage 9 and 10 embryos and subsequent cytokinesis failure. Later divisions have greater than two centrosomes, generating extra spindle poles. Kif2a-depleted embryos are also defective at coalescing extra spindle poles into a bipolar spindle. The gastrulation and mitotic phenotypes can be rescued by either human Kif2a or Kif2b, which suggests that the two homologues redundantly regulate mitosis in mammals. These studies demonstrate that defects in mitosis can inhibit large-scale developmental movements in vertebrate tissues.

PubMed ID: 25568341
PMC ID: PMC4342028
Article link: Mol Biol Cell
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: aurka aurkb cep57 gap43 h2bc21 kif2a kif2c mrc1 ndc80 tbx2
Morpholinos: kif2a MO1

Article Images: [+] show captions
References [+] :
Andersen, Proteomic characterization of the human centrosome by protein correlation profiling. 2003, Pubmed