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Dev Genes Evol January 1, 2016; 226 (5): 369-82.

Comparative expression study of sipa family members during early Xenopus laevis development.

Rothe M , Monteiro F , Dietmann P , Kühl SJ .

The signal-induced proliferation-associated (SIPA) protein family belongs to the RapGAP protein superfamily. Previous studies mainly focused on the expression and function of SIPA genes in vertebrate neuronal tissue. Only limited data about the embryonic expression pattern of the genes are currently available. Our study provides the first expression analysis of sipa1, sipa1l1, sipa1l2, and sipa1l3 during early development of the vertebrate organism Xenopus laevis. In silico, analysis revealed that all genes are highly conserved across species. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR experiments demonstrated that the RNA of all genes was maternally supplied. By whole mount in situ hybridization approaches, we showed that sipa1 is mainly expressed in various sensory organs, the respiratory and blood system, heart, neural tube, and eye. In contrast, sipa1l1 showed a broad expression during development in particular within the brain, somites, eye, and heart. Sipa1l2 was detected in the branchial arches, glomerulus, and the developing eye. In contrast, sipa1l3 revealed a tissue specific expression within the olfactory and otic vesicles, the cranial placodes and ganglia, neural tube, pronephros, retina, and lens. In summary, all sipa gene family members are expressed throughout the whole developing Xenopus organism and might play an important role during vertebrate early embryogenesis.

PubMed ID: 27384056
Article link: Dev Genes Evol

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: rap1gap sipa1 sipa1l1 sipa1l2 sipa1l3

References [+] :
Dolnik, Sipa1l3/SPAR3 is targeted to postsynaptic specializations and interacts with the Fezzin ProSAPiP1/Lzts3. 2015, Pubmed