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Development January 1, 2017; 144 (7): 1307-1316.

Distinct intracellular Ca2+ dynamics regulate apical constriction and differentially contribute to neural tube closure.

Suzuki M , Sato M , Koyama H , Hara Y , Hayashi K , Yasue N , Imamura H , Fujimori T , Nagai T , Campbell RE , Ueno N .

Early in the development of the central nervous system, progenitor cells undergo a shape change, called apical constriction, that triggers the neural plate to form a tubular structure. How apical constriction in the neural plate is controlled and how it contributes to tissue morphogenesis are not fully understood. In this study, we show that intracellular calcium ions (Ca2+) are required for Xenopus neural tube formation and that there are two types of Ca2+-concentration changes, a single-cell and a multicellular wave-like fluctuation, in the developing neural plate. Quantitative imaging analyses revealed that transient increases in Ca2+ concentration induced cortical F-actin remodeling, apical constriction and accelerations of the closing movement of the neural plate. We also show that extracellular ATP and N-cadherin (cdh2) participate in the Ca2+-induced apical constriction. Furthermore, our mathematical model suggests that the effect of Ca2+ fluctuations on tissue morphogenesis is independent of fluctuation frequency and that fluctuations affecting individual cells are more efficient than those at the multicellular level. We propose that distinct Ca2+ signaling patterns differentially modulate apical constriction for efficient epithelial folding and that this mechanism has a broad range of physiological outcomes.

PubMed ID: 28219946
Article link: Development

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: acin1 cdh2 entpd1 gpi krt12.4 mrc1 nps sox2 tubb2b
Morpholinos: cdh2 MO1

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