Click here to close Hello! We notice that you are using Internet Explorer, which is not supported by Xenbase and may cause the site to display incorrectly. We suggest using a current version of Chrome, FireFox, or Safari.
PLoS One January 1, 2018; 13 (4): e0195374.
Show Gene links Show Anatomy links

Expression of the inactivating deiodinase, Deiodinase 3, in the pre-metamorphic tadpole retina.

Le Blay K , Préau L , Morvan-Dubois G , Demeneix B .

Thyroid hormone (TH) orchestrates amphibian metamorphosis. Thus, this developmental phase is often used to study TH-dependent responses in specific tissues. However, TH signaling appears early in development raising the question of the control of TH availability in specific cell types prior to metamorphosis. TH availability is under strict temporal and tissue-specific control by deiodinases. We examined the expression of the TH-inactivating enzyme, deiodinase type 3 (D3), during early retinal development. To this end we created a Xenopus laevis transgenic line expressing GFP from the Xenopus dio3 promoter region (pdio3) and followed pdio3-GFP expression in pre-metamorphic tadpoles. To validate retinal GFP expression in the transgenic line as a function of dio3 promoter activity, we used in situ hybridization to compare endogenous dio3 expression to reporter-driven GFP activity. Retinal expression of dio3 increased during pre-metamorphosis through stages NF41, 45 and 48. Both sets of results show dio3 to have cell-specific, dynamic expression in the pre-metamorphic retina. At stage NF48, dio3 expression co-localised with markers for photoreceptors, rods, Opsin-S cones and bipolar neurons. In contrast, in post-metamorphic juveniles dio3 expression was reduced and spatially confined to certain photoreceptors and amacrine cells. We compared dio3 expression at stages NF41 and NF48 with TH-dependent transcriptional responses using another transgenic reporter line: THbZIP-GFP and by analyzing the expression of T3-regulated genes in distinct TH availability contexts. At stage NF48, the majority of retinal cells expressing dio3 were negative for T3 signaling. Notably, most ganglion cells were virtually both dio3-free and T3-responsive. The results show that dio3 can reduce TH availability at the cellular scale. Further, a reduction in dio3 expression can trigger fine-tuned T3 action in cell-type specific maturation at the right time, as exemplified here in photoreceptor survival in the pre-metamorphic retina.

PubMed ID: 29641587
PMC ID: PMC5895027
Article link: PLoS One

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: dio2 dio3 hopx ilf2 klf9 ocm3 odc1 rho thibz thra thrb vsx2
GO keywords: thyroid hormone mediated signaling pathway [+]

Article Images: [+] show captions
References [+] :
Allison, Degeneration and regeneration of ultraviolet cone photoreceptors during development in rainbow trout. 2007, Pubmed