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Methods Mol Biol January 1, 2018; 1865 233-241.

X-FaCT: Xenopus-Fast Clearing Technique.

Affaticati P , Le Mével S , Jenett A , Rivière L , Machado E , Mughal BB , Fini JB .

Accessibility and imaging of cell compartments in big specimens are crucial for cellular biological research but also a matter of contention. Confocal imaging and tissue clearing on whole organs allow for 3D imaging of cellular structures after being subjected to in-toto immunohistochemistry. Lately, the passive CLARITY technique (PACT) has been adapted to clear and immunolabel large specimens or individual organs of several aquatic species. We recently demonstrated tissue clearing on one-week old tadpole brain (Fini et al., Sci Rep 7:43786, 2017). We here describe a further simplified version with clearing of small tissue samples (thickness inferior to 500 μm)) carried out by immersion in a fructose-based high-refractive index solution (fbHRI). By refining steps of the protocol, we were able to reduce the overall procedure time by two thirds. This offers the advantages of reducing the time of experimentation to a week and minimizes procedure-induced tissue deformations. This protocol can be easily adapted to be performed on thick section. We present an example of immunohistochemistry performed on NF45 Xenopus laevis brains with anti-pH 3 (phosphorylated histone H3) antibody used to stain chromatin condensation commonly associated with proliferation.

PubMed ID: 30151770
Article link: Methods Mol Biol

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: hopx ilf2