XB-ART-55465Bio Protoc October 5, 2018; 8 (19):
Fluorescence Titrations to Determine the Binding Affinity of Cyclic Nucleotides to SthK Ion Channels.
The cyclic-nucleotide modulated ion channel family includes cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) and hyperpolarization-activated and cyclic nucleotide-modulated (HCN) channels, which play essential roles in visual and olfactory signaling and the heart pacemaking activity. Functionally, these channels have been extensively characterized by electrophysiological techniques from protein heterologously expressed in Xenopus oocytes and mammalian cells. On the other hand, expression and purification of these proteins for biophysical and structural analyses in vitro is problematic and expensive and, accordingly, only limited information on the purified channels is available in the literature. Here we describe a protocol for binding studies of fluorescently labeled cyclic nucleotides to a homologue of eukaryotic CNG channels. Furthermore, we describe how to directly probe binding of unlabeled cyclic nucleotides in a competition assay. The use of fluorescence as a sensitive probe for ligand binding reduces the amount of protein needed and enables fast and easy measurements using standard laboratory equipment.
PubMed ID: 30417032
PMC ID: PMC6221198
Article link: Bio Protoc
References [+] :
Baumann, Primary structure and functional expression of a Drosophila cyclic nucleotide-gated channel present in eyes and antennae. 1994, Pubmed, Xenbase