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Anat Embryol (Berl) March 1, 2003; 206 (4): 291-9.

Differential distribution of melatonin receptors in the pituitary gland of Xenopus laevis.

Wiechmann AF , Vrieze MJ , Wirsig-Wiechmann CR .

A major target site for melatonin action is thought to be the pituitary gland. We have detected differential expression and co-localization of the Mel(1a) and Mel(1c) receptors in cells of the Xenopus laevis pituitary gland. Sections of Xenopus pituitary glands were labeled with Mel(1a) and/or Mel(1c) antibodies, in combination with antibodies to arginine vasotocin (AVT), alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH), prolactin (PRL), and luteinizing hormone (LH). Mel(1a) immunoreactivity was localized to cells of the pars intermedia and to elements within the pars nervosa. Mel(1c) immunoreactivity was also localized to the pars nervosa, and significant labeling was also observed in discrete clusters of cells in the pars distalis. Mel(1a) was absent from the pars distalis, while Mel(1c) was absent from the pars intermedia. Mel(1a) and Mel(1c) were co-localized in the pars nervosa. AVT was present in the pars nervosa, and appeared to be localized to the cell clusters of the pars distalis in which the Mel(1c) receptor was localized. alpha-MSH co-localized with the Mel(1a) receptor in the pars intermedia. LH appeared to localize to many of the cells in the pars distalis, with the notable exception of the Mel(1c) receptor-positive clusters of cells. PRL did not appear to co-localize with either melatonin receptor. The pattern of differential expression of the Mel(1a) and Mel(1c) receptors suggests that the receptors specifically mediate the cellular response to melatonin binding in the specific cell populations.

PubMed ID: 12649727
Article link: Anat Embryol (Berl)

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: avp gnrh1 mel mtnr1c pomc prl.1 prl.2
Antibodies: Mtnr1a Ab1