XB-ART-55759FASEB J January 1, 2019; 33 (6): 6962-6968.
Modeling human point mutation diseases in Xenopus tropicalis with a modified CRISPR/Cas9 system.
Precise single-base editing in Xenopus tropicalis would greatly expand the utility of this true diploid frog for modeling human genetic diseases caused by point mutations. Here, we report the efficient conversion of C-to-T or G-to-A in X. tropicalis using the rat apolipoprotein B mRNA editing enzyme catalytic subunit 1-XTEN-clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat-associated protein 9 (Cas9) nickase-uracil DNA glycosylase inhibitor-nuclear localization sequence base editor [base editor 3 (BE3)]. Coinjection of guide RNA and the Cas9 mutant complex mRNA into 1-cell stage X. tropicalis embryos caused precise C-to-T or G-to-A substitution in 14 out of 19 tested sites with efficiencies of 5-75%, which allowed for easy establishment of stable lines. Targeting the conserved T-box 5 R237 and Tyr C28 residues in X. tropicalis with the BE3 system mimicked human Holt-Oram syndrome and oculocutaneous albinism type 1A, respectively. Our data indicate that BE3 is an easy and efficient tool for precise base editing in X. tropicalis.-Shi, Z., Xin, H., Tian, D., Lian, J., Wang, J., Liu, G., Ran, R., Shi, S., Zhang, Z., Shi, Y., Deng, Y., Hou, C., Chen, Y. Modeling human point mutation diseases in Xenopus tropicalis with a modified CRISPR/Cas9 system.
PubMed ID: 30844313
Article link: FASEB J
Species referenced: Xenopus tropicalis