Click here to close Hello! We notice that you are using Internet Explorer, which is not supported by Xenbase and may cause the site to display incorrectly. We suggest using a current version of Chrome, FireFox, or Safari.
Dev Dyn January 1, 2019; 248 (7): 530-544.

The role of sensory innervation in cornea-lens regeneration.

Perry KJ , Hamilton PW , Sonam S , Singh R , Henry JJ .

BACKGROUND: Numerous sensory nerves in the cornea contribute to normal tissue homeostasis. Interestingly, cells within the basal corneal epithelium can regenerate new lenses in the frog, Xenopus. In this study, we investigated whether cornea sensory nerves or their neuropeptides are important for supporting cornea-lens regeneration. RESULTS: Attempts to sever the trigeminal nerve trunk, which provides sensory nerve branches to the cornea, did not inhibit lens regeneration. However, using this approach we found that it was not possible to completely disrupt sensory innervation, as these nerves are able to quickly regenerate back to the cornea. On the other hand, attenuation of neuropeptide levels with capsaicin was found to significantly inhibit lens regeneration, as visualized by a reduction of Substance P. These treatments also led to a reduction of cornea sensory innervation. Interestingly, inhibition of the Substance P-preferred receptor NK-1 with Spantide II did not affect lens-regeneration rates. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence that cornea nerves support cornea-lens regeneration, which could occur through the release of various neurotrophic factors. Substance P, however, does not appear to be the critical component of this signaling pathway. Further studies are needed to investigate what role other known neurotrophic factors may play in this process.

PubMed ID: 30993812
Article link: Dev Dyn
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: adcyap1 b3gat1l dnai1 dyrk1a gal.1 gdnf ngf tac1 tuba4b vip

Article Images: [+] show captions