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J Med Genet January 1, 2020; 57 (4): 283-288.

De novo variants in SLC12A6 cause sporadic early-onset progressive sensorimotor neuropathy.

Park J , Flores BR , Scherer K , Kuepper H , Rossi M , Rupprich K , Rautenberg M , Deininger N , Weichselbaum A , Grimm A , Sturm M , Grasshoff U , Delpire E , Haack TB .

BACKGROUND: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorder of the peripheral nervous system. Biallelic variants in SLC12A6 have been associated with autosomal-recessive hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy with agenesis of the corpus callosum (HMSN/ACC). We identified heterozygous de novo variants in SLC12A6 in three unrelated patients with intermediate CMT. METHODS: We evaluated the clinical reports and electrophysiological data of three patients carrying de novo variants in SLC12A6 identified by diagnostic trio exome sequencing. For functional characterisation of the identified variants, potassium influx of mutated KCC3 cotransporters was measured in Xenopus oocytes. RESULTS: We identified two different de novo missense changes (p.Arg207His and p.Tyr679Cys) in SLC12A6 in three unrelated individuals with early-onset progressive CMT. All presented with axonal/demyelinating sensorimotor neuropathy accompanied by spasticity in one patient. Cognition and brain MRI were normal. Modelling of the mutant KCC3 cotransporter in Xenopus oocytes showed a significant reduction in potassium influx for both changes. CONCLUSION: Our findings expand the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum associated with SLC12A6 variants from autosomal-recessive HMSN/ACC to dominant-acting de novo variants causing a milder clinical presentation with early-onset neuropathy.

PubMed ID: 31439721
Article link: J Med Genet
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: pmp22 slc12a6
GO keywords: potassium ion transmembrane transport

Disease Ontology terms: agenesis of the corpus callosum with peripheral neuropathy [+]