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Sci China Life Sci June 1, 2020; 63 (6): 915-925.

Ambient temperature alters body size and gut microbiota of Xenopus tropicalis.

Li J , Rui J , Li Y , Tang N , Zhan S , Jiang J , Li X .

Temperature is important to determine physiological status of ectotherms. However, it is still not fully understood how amphibians and their symbiotic microbiota acclimate to ambient temperature. In this study, we investigated the changes of gut microbiota of Xenopus tropicalis at different temperatures under controlled laboratory conditions. The results showed that microbial communities were distinct and shared only a small overlap among froglet guts, culture water and food samples. Furthermore, the dominant taxa harbored in the gut exhibited low relative abundance in water and food. It indicates that bacterial taxa selected by amphibian gut were generally of low abundance in the external environment. Temperature could affect beta-diversity of gut microbiota in terms of phylogenetic distance, but it did not affect alpha diversity. The composition of gut microbiota was similar in warm and cool treatments. However, signature taxa in different temperature environments were identified. The relationships between temperature, gut microbiota and morphology traits of X. tropicalis revealed in this study help us to predict the consequences of environmental changes on ectothermic animals.

PubMed ID: 31686318
Article link: Sci China Life Sci