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Methods Mol Biol January 1, 2021; 2179 275-287.

Xenopus Deep Cell Aggregates: A 3D Tissue Model for Mesenchymal-to-Epithelial Transition.

Mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition (MET) describes the ability of loosely associated migratory cells to form a more adherent sheet-like assembly of cells. MET is a conserved motif occurring throughout organogenesis and plays a key role in regeneration and cancer metastasis, and is the first step in producing induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). To resolve fundamental biological questions about MET, its relation to epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, and to explore MET''s role in tissue assembly and remodeling requires live models for MET that are amenable to experimentation. Many cases of clinically important MET are inferred since they occur deep with the body of the embryo or adult. We have developed a tractable model for MET, where cellular transitions can be directly observed under conditions where molecular, mechanical, and cellular contexts can be controlled experimentally. In this chapter, we introduce a 3-dimensional (3D) tissue model to study MET using Xenopus laevis embryonic mesenchymal cell aggregates.

PubMed ID: 32939727
Article link: Methods Mol Biol
Grant support: [+]