Click here to close Hello! We notice that you are using Internet Explorer, which is not supported by Xenbase and may cause the site to display incorrectly. We suggest using a current version of Chrome, FireFox, or Safari.
XB-ART-57408
Cell Cycle January 1, 2020; 19 (15): 1899-1916.

RanBP1 controls the Ran pathway in mammalian cells through regulation of mitotic RCC1 dynamics.

Yau KC , Arnaoutov A , Aksenova V , Kaufhold R , Chen S , Dasso M .


Abstract
The Ran GTPase plays critical roles in multiple cellular processes including interphase nucleocytoplasmic transport and mitotic spindle assembly. During mitosis in mammalian cells, GTP-bound Ran (Ran-GTP) is concentrated near mitotic chromatin while GDP-bound Ran (Ran-GDP) is more abundant distal to chromosomes. This pattern spatially controls spindle formation because Ran-GTP locally releases spindle assembly factors (SAFs), such as Hepatoma Up-Regulated Protein (HURP), from inhibitory interactions near chromosomes. Regulator of Chromatin Condensation 1 (RCC1) is Ran''s chromatin-bound exchange factor, and RanBP1 is a conserved Ran-GTP-binding protein that has been implicated as a mitotic regulator of RCC1 in embryonic systems. Here, we show that RanBP1 controls mitotic RCC1 dynamics in human somatic tissue culture cells. In addition, we observed the re-localization of HURP in metaphase cells after RanBP1 degradation, consistent with the idea that altered RCC1 dynamics functionally modulate SAF activities. Together, our findings reveal an important mitotic role for RanBP1 in human somatic cells, controlling the spatial distribution and magnitude of mitotic Ran-GTP production and thereby ensuring the accurate execution of Ran-dependent mitotic events. ABBREVIATIONS: AID: Auxin-induced degron; FLIP: Fluorescence loss in photobleaching; FRAP: Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching; GDP: guanosine diphosphate; GTP: guanosine triphosphate; HURP: Hepatoma Up-Regulated Protein; NE: nuclear envelope; NEBD: Nuclear Envelope Breakdown; RanBP1: Ran-binding protein 1; RanGAP1: Ran GTPase-Activating Protein 1; RCC1: Regulator of Chromatin Condensation 1; RRR complex: RCC1/Ran/RanBP1 heterotrimeric complex; SAF: Spindle Assembly Factor; TIR1: Transport Inhibitor Response 1 protein; XEE: Xenopus egg extract.

PubMed ID: 32594833
PMC ID: PMC7469662
Article link: Cell Cycle
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: dlgap5 mtor ran ranbp1 ranbp3 rangap1 rcc1


Article Images: [+] show captions
References [+] :
Bischoff, Co-activation of RanGTPase and inhibition of GTP dissociation by Ran-GTP binding protein RanBP1. 1995, Pubmed