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J Pharm Sci January 1, 2021; 110 (3): 1392-1400.

A Novel Fluorescence-Based Method to Evaluate Ileal Apical Sodium-Dependent Bile Acid Transporter ASBT.

Zhu Q , Komori H , Imamura R , Tamai I .

This study aimed to demonstrate usefulness of the fluorophore-labeled bile acid derivative, N-(24-[7-(4-N,N-dimethylaminosulfonyl-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole)]amino-3α,7α,12α-trihydroxy-27-nor-5β-cholestan-26-oyl)-2''-aminoethane sulfonate (tauro-nor-THCA-24-DBD) as a substrate of apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (ASBT, SLC10A2), which is expressed at distal ileum for reabsorption of bile acids and to find a novel fluorescence-based method to evaluate ASBT activity. In HPLC analysis, chromatogram of tauro-nor-THCA-24-DBD showed double peaks: R- and S-isomers of the compound. When ASBT was expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes, their uptakes were higher than those by control oocytes, demonstrating both are transported by ASBT. Therefore, results were analyzed separately as peak 1, peak 2 and sum of them. Concentration dependent uptake of tauro-nor-THCA-24-DBD in ASBT-expressing oocytes was saturable with Km 122 μM and Vmax 1.49 pmol/oocyte/30 min for peak 1, 30.7 μM and 1.34 pmol/oocyte/30 min for peak 2, and 40.6 μM and 2.36 pmol/oocyte/30 min for sum, respectively. These uptakes were decreased in the presence of taurocholic acid and in the Na+ free condition. Furthermore, in Caco-2 cells, tauro-nor-THCA-24-DBD uptake was also Na+-dependent and saturable. Additionally, these uptakes were decreased by elobixibat, a selective ASBT inhibitor. Accordingly, it was concluded that tauro-nor-THCA-24-DBD is a substrate of ASBT and useful to evaluate the intestinal ASBT transport activity.

PubMed ID: 33278408
Article link: J Pharm Sci

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: slc10a2