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J Biol Chem November 23, 2020; 296 100033.

Ongoing replication forks delay the nuclear envelope breakdown upon mitotic entry.

Hashimoto Y , Tanaka H .

DNA replication is a major contributor to genomic instability, and protection against DNA replication perturbation is essential for normal cell division. Certain types of replication stress agents, such as aphidicolin and hydroxyurea, have been shown to cause reversible replication fork stalling, wherein replisome complexes are stably maintained with competence to restart in the S phase of the cell cycle. If these stalled forks persist into the M phase without a replication restart, replisomes are disassembled in a p97-dependent pathway and under-replicated DNA is subjected to mitotic DNA repair synthesis. Here, using Xenopus egg extracts, we investigated the consequences that arise when stalled forks are released simultaneously with the induction of mitosis. Ara-cytidine-5''-triphosphate-induced stalled forks were able to restart with the addition of excess dCTP during early mitosis before the nuclear envelope breakdown (NEB). However, stalled forks could no longer restart efficiently after the NEB. Although replisome complexes were finally disassembled in a p97-dependent manner during mitotic progression whether or not fork stalling was relieved, the timing of the NEB was delayed with the ongoing forks, rather than the stalled forks, and the delay was dependent on Wee1/Myt1 kinase activities. Thus, ongoing DNA replication was found to be directly linked to the regulation of Wee1/Myt1 kinases to modulate cyclin-dependent kinase activities because of which DNA replication and mitosis occur in a mutually exclusive and sequential manner.

PubMed ID: 33460944
Article link: J Biol Chem

Genes referenced: abcc6 ccdc25 cdk1 cdk2 chek1 eif4g2 gmnn myt1 neb wee1 znrd2
GO keywords: replication fork [+]

Article Images: [+] show captions