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J Med Chem January 1, 2021; 64 (8): 5185-5197.

Antimicrobial Bombinin-like Peptide 3 Selectively Recognizes and Inserts into Bacterial Biomimetic Bilayers in Multiple Steps.

Annaval T , Ramos-Martín F , Herrera-León C , Adélaïde M , Antonietti V , Buchoux S , Sonnet P , Sarazin C , D'Amelio N .

Bombinins are a wide family of antimicrobial peptides from Xenopus skin. By sequence clustering, we highlighted at least three families named A, B, and H, which might exert antibacterial activity by different modes of action. In this work, we study bombinin-like peptide 3 (BLP-3) as a nonhemolytic representative of the quite unexplored class A due to its appealing activity toward WHO-priority-list bacteria such as Neisseria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus aureus. A marked preference for cardiolipin and phosphatidylglycerol head groups, typically found in bacteria, is proven with biomimetic membranes studied by liquid and solid NMR and MD simulations. BLP-3 gets structured upon interaction and penetrates deeply into the bilayer in two steps involving a superficial insertion of key side chains and subsequent internalization. All along the pathway, a fundamental role is played by lysine residues in the conserved region 11-19, which act in synergy with other key residues.

PubMed ID: 33851832
Article link: J Med Chem

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis